赵斌 | 一个健全的知识产权环境对中国的“引进来”与“走出去”战略至关重要

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2016-12-19

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赵斌 | 一个健全的知识产权环境对中国的“引进来”与“走出去”战略至关重要

美国高通公司全球高级副总裁赵斌在第九届国际跨国公司领袖圆桌会议上的讲话

Speech by Mr. Zhao Bin, Senior Vice President of Qualcomm Incorporated at the 9th International Roundtable of Multinational Corporations' Leaders


非常高兴能够代表高通公司与大家分享跨国公司在华的机遇以及“引进来”与“走出去”的感想、建议。大家知道美国高通公司是一家创新型的企业,是一家无线通信技术领域领军企业。多年来在中国市场上与中国的企业一起合作。20多年前被引进中国市场,与中国的企业合作经历了很多的磨难和挫折。但是它克服了困难,采用了新的战略与中国合作伙伴一起构筑了一个健康的无线通信的生态系统。所以今天我们大家看到,在全世界前十大智能手机制造商之中,有超过一多半都是中国企业。这与高通公司多年来与他们的合作是分不开的,对此我们也感到非常的骄傲。


刚才多位领导已经对“一带一路”、可持续发展和“引进来”与“走出去”,从政策上进行了宏观的解读,所以我希望现在能把我所服务的高通公司作为一个实例与大家分享,也请大家批评指正。


刚才说到了高通公司核心战略,与中国合作伙伴一起,从我们被引进中国之初就合作共建一个健康的产业链。上个月在印度刚刚结束了第五届中印论坛,在论坛上高通公司作为通信领域企业,荣获大奖,这个奖项是中国政府和中国合作伙伴共同遴选并颁布的。它显示了高通公司为促进中国企业开拓印度和东南亚市场,促进多国和两国经贸关系方面所做出的贡献。实际上在高通公司的支持下,中国的厂商不仅仅在印度、东南亚和拉美等发展中国家逐步取得了主导的份额,并且与全球多家领先的运营商签订了合作协议,使得中国制造搭载了高通先进芯片技术的手机和系统设备,全面的成功的进入了发达国家市场。高通作为业界领先的通信芯片提供商,为中国手机企业在海外取得骄人成绩奠定了基础。这是高通公司作为美国一家科技企业,为中国转型升级,为“引进来”与“走出去”所做出贡献的直接写照,也是我们多年来与国内合作伙伴紧密合作,创造的产业升级的范例。


给大家介绍一两个小例子,大家知道中兴国际是中国最大的,同时也是最先进的半导体生产厂商。近年来通过在28纳米工艺制成的合作,高通公司帮助中兴国际实现了高性能芯片的量产,双方在28纳米方面进行了良好的合作,并且通过成立合资公司,进一步进到14纳米晶体管技术研发,使我们的合作得到进一步提升,同时也造就了中兴国际国内最先进半导体制造厂商的地位。


特别需要指出的是高通公司对中国半导体投入资源远远超过高通公司同这些合作伙伴单纯的商务关系。比如说通过介绍上面的项目,中兴国际可以自由的运用28纳米产能,向高通公司的竞争对手提供芯片或者提供其他用途的芯片。我们与中兴国际的合作给予他们的技术支持,使得中兴国际走向了世界,提供了世界上最先进节点工艺,扩大了他们的产能和客户群。


另外今年初高通公司和贵州政府共同成立了合资公司,集再生设计开发制造和销售于一体,基于ARM服务器芯片。这个项目最重要的在于,在这个合资公司里高通公司对合资公司也就是中方进行的核心技术的授权,帮助本土的团队进行设计和制造,最终生产出服务器芯片,服务整个中国市场。该合作被赞为引领经济新常态,贯彻发展新理念的良好范例。不久前我们在深圳和上海设立了深圳创新中心和上海测试中心,深圳的创新中心将融入高通全球的创新网络。在这个模式的推动下,更多的深圳本土和中国企业将从中受益,并在全球拥有更加深入的影响力。高通在深圳的创新中心里设立了全球最顶尖的实验室,并配备了世界上最先进的测试设备。目前这一尖端的设备在全球只有两台,一台位于高通美国总部,一台位于深圳的创新中心。


这个创新中心的设立折射出高通公司正在持续兑现植根中国的长期承诺,同时将以更加开放和合作的态度助力中国企业升格且提速创新,为推动中国迈向制造强国和创新型大国做出自己的贡献。


另外我们今年还在上海成立了上海测试中心,大家知道高通公司一直以来都是没有工厂的设计企业,但是响应了中国政府的“中国制造2025”这样一个号召。我们在中国开始了智能硬件的制造和生产,所以这一测试企业也体现了高通公司在中国市场的进一步布局和与中国半导体企业合作的进一步提升。


除了这些资本的投资,我们响应了引进来的号召,还包括一如既往的与国内的院校合作,支持相关的科学研究和人才培养,通过公司专项基金扶持国内的初创企业,以及以形式多样的企业社会责任去履行我们的职责。


当然要实现中国经济的转型,通过“引进来”与“走出去”扩大中国经济在世界经济格局上的影响力,这还是任重道远的。我下面与大家分享几点高通公司作为跨国公司在国际市场上的一点经验和建议。


首先我们觉得一个健全的知识产权环境对于中国的“引进来”与“走出去”的战略至关重要。从营造和加强有利的知识产权保护环境角度出发,同时为了保护整个无线通信生态系统的公平与公正,我们希望政府方面能够加大力度,更多的正面引导国内企业,认真的履行和尊重知识产权,高通公司愿意积极支持和落实刚刚颁布的中共中央国务院关于完善产权保护制度和依法保护产权的意见的相关内容,通过交流合作对话共同改善知识产权保护的司法环境和执法环境,探讨构建和谐平衡的知识产权制度。高通公司通过自身的创新经验,认为任何企业无论是国内企业还是外资企业,都要认真应对知识产权保护,尊重别人的知识产权,在此基础上去创新与发展。同时避免把对知识产权的保护和民族企业的振兴对立起来。相反应该通过对知识产权保护的严格执行,提升自身的核心竞争力,实现自身的可持续性的健康发展,这样才能真正为中国的“引进来”与“走出去”奠定坚实的基础。


同时,我们建议对“引进来”与“走出去”去适应全球的地缘政治给予关注和调整。从中美的经贸关系来说,近一个时期以来,美国的新当选总统使很多大型的跨国公司对美国将来的发展产生了一些忧虑。我们非常关注新内阁所提出的美国优先,保护美国本土利益,促进制造业回归,提振本土就业等等政策,希望这些不会成为我们美国公司继续在中国发展的阻力。同时也建议中国方面,特别是政府部门,能够主导从适应全球多边投资环境出发,为跨国公司在中国市场的发展提供更加稳定可预见的政策和营商环境,特别是包括一个审慎而又循序渐进的对跨国公司所采用的市场准入,公平竞争和纳税模式等方面进行考虑和评估的态度,从而避免可能对跨国公司在中国的投资运营产生因两国经贸关系面临调整风险所出现的摇摆和其他消极的影响。高通公司承诺会通过我们自身的努力,为构建一个均衡和谐的中美双边经贸关系贡献自己的力量。


我们将继续致力于参加中国的移动通信行业和集成电路产业的发展,通过投入最新的技术,许可我们最新的发明和向中国厂商提供最先进的产品,通过我们和中国本土合作伙伴共同开拓国内与国际市场,为中国的“引进来”与“走出去”和建设创新型经济做出贡献。我们殷切希望在中国继续推进我们的事业,探索蓬勃发展的移动技术,为新的人类生活方式所带来的新的体验。谢谢大家。

 

First, on behalf of the Qualcomm Incorporated, let me thank the host for giving me this opportunity to speak and to share with you the experience ofdevelopment and investment in China, as well as our view on bringing in and going global. The Qualcomm Incorporated is an innovation-centered and leading company in wireless. It has cooperated with China in the Chinese market for many years. 20 years ago it entered the Chinese market and we have seen some twists and turns in cooperation with Chinese companies. However, we have overcome with these difficulties and have adopted new strategies and worked with our Chinese partners to build a healthy system for wireless technologies, and among the top 10 smart phone producers, over half of them are Chinese companies, and I think this has everything to do with cooperation with them, so we are proud of that.

 

Now many previous speakers have shared with us their views from political and policy perspectives and I wish to share with you the experience of my company as an example. As I said, the core strategy of my company is to focus on China to share our wisdom and to achieve innovation. In the early years of our presence in China, we have started building healthy industrial chain here. In last month we participated in the China-India forum and my company has got an award by the forum which was selected and awarded by Chinese and some global companies,which shows that in developing the India and Southeast Asian market we have made our own contributions actually supported by my company. Chinese companieshave worked very well in developing countries such as India and Latin America;they have also signed cooperation agreement with leading wireless companies in the world.

 

And ensuring that there are advanced equipment and technologies have had a share in that market of the developed counties, we have helped lay a solid foundation for the outstanding performance of Chinese companies in the markets of developing countries, and this is also contribution of my company. It is also a result of close collaboration between my company and our Chinese counterparts.

 

Let me give one or two examples, you know in China you have the most advanced and largest chipmakers, and Qualcomm has helped the companies to produce high performance microchips on a large scale, and we have helped it to break in to new research areas by establishing a joint venture together with ZTE International, this has helped to leap frogs Qualcomm corporations with the Chinese company in question.I want to emphasize that, this is not just a commercial relationship, because we offer added value for example by partnering with Qualcomm the Chinese microchip maker can go on to provide microchips to other Chinese producers, all of it is enabled by the technological support offered by Qualcomm.

 

They have thus been able to expand their production and customer base, and early this year, Qualcomm together with the government in the province of Guizhou established a joint venture on choosing semi-conductors and the chip. The significance of this partnership is that, Qualcomm has shared its core technology with its joint venture in China, and the design and manufacture will be conducted by the local Chinese team, who will eventually manufacture server microchips that meet China’s IT standards and this has been praised by leading officials in the relevant Chinese ministry as a good example, for navigating the water of the New Normal of the Chinese economy and of China’s new development concept and such partnership will benefit the wider community. For example, we have established innovation center in Shenzhen and a testing center in Shanghai. The Shenzhen innovation center has the world’s top class laboratory, the other such laboratories located in Qualcomm headquarters in the United States, this one being placed in Shenzhen China, so such partnership will hope to help our local partners to do better innovation and to help China become a major developing nation and a global leader ininnovation.

 

The Shanghai testing center that I mentioned was established in September this year, now for a very long time, Qualcomm has not been in the business of manufacturing hardware, but echoing the call of the Chinese government, we have begun to do so in China, in conjunction with our global posture, and the needs of China. In addition to that, we have partnered with Chinese universities and colleges to support relevant researches, and training of specialized personnel and we have set up water pools to help kick off business startups in China and to fulfill our social corporate responsibility, of course to help China restructure its economy. We still have a lot more to do as a multinational. Let me share with you some of Qualcomm experience in other overseas markets.

 

Firstly, in our view, that is vitally important to protect intellectual property. It is important to adapt a national strategy for protecting IPR and we hope theChinese government will step up efforts to encourage Chinese enterprises to respect intellectual property. Qualcomm will do its utmost to support.

 

Meanwhile, it is also important for companies to pay attention to and adjust themselves to geopolitics. Regarding the China-US trade relationship, many large multinational corporations have some concern about the future development of America after the new US president was elected. We pay special attention to the policies of the new US government, such as American First, protecting interests of Americans, promoting the return of the manufacturing industry and increasing employment. Hope these policies will not impede our development in China. At the same time, we recommend the Chinese side, especially the Chinese government to create a more stable and predictable policy and business environment for multinational corporations to develop in China, especially in such aspects as market access, fair competition and taxation. Qualcomm promises that it will make efforts to contribute its share to the building of a balanced and harmonious China-US trade relationship.

 

We will continue to devote ourselves to the development of China's mobile communication and IC industry by investing in new technologies, licensing our new inventions and providing the most advanced products to Chinese producers so as to contribute to China's strategy of bringing in and going out for the development of an innovation-centered economy by cooperating with our local partners in China to jointly explore the domestic and international markets. We sincerely hope we can continue our cause in China, explore new emerging mobile technologies and bring new experience of lifestyle to human beings. Thank you.


以上内容根据速记稿整理。