谢炳 |“一带一路”倡议要真正起到促进发展的作用,要关注两个原则

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2016-12-18

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谢炳 |“一带一路”倡议要真正起到促进发展的作用,要关注两个原则

泰国正大集团副董事长、正大制药集团董事长谢炳在第九届国际跨国公司领袖圆桌会议上的讲话

Speech by Mr. Tse Ping, Vice Chairman of C.P. Group, Chairman of Chia Tai Pharmaceutical Group at the 9th International Roundtable of Multinational Corporations' Leaders


非常高兴受邀参加第九届国际跨国公司领袖圆桌会议并参加“引进来”与“走出去”发展论坛的讨论。


在当前全球范围内区域化合作受阻的情况下,我认为如果讨论中国提出的“一带一路”倡议,实现跨国集团的新的发展是非常及时和必要的。这一次圆桌会关注这样的主题是很有远见的,我下面结合正大集团的发展经历对这个问题谈几点看法。


一是在全球经济发展低迷的形势下,“一带一路”能够为区域发展发挥什么样的作用。1997年到1998年在亚洲发生的金融危机,许多亚洲国家的经济发展都遭受了重大的打击。当时正在高速发展的正大集团也遇到了新的挑战,这场金融危机使亚洲国家看到了经济全球化所带来的负面的力量,危机过后大家也意识到,利用好区域合作可以有效的防范全球化带来的负面作用。但2008年的金融危机发生后,许多国家开始寻找贸易保护主义策略,而不是加强区域合作的策略。在可见的未来,区域合作停止甚至是倒退的危机是存在的。在深化区域合作困难的背景下,中国提出的“一带一路”倡议成为了一个应对全球化负面影响的新的合作的方案。


第二,跨国公司如何参与“一带一路”的合作和发展。“一带一路”是一个很好的国际合作倡议,但要真正的起到促进发展的作用,要关注两个原则。一个是“走出去引进来”相结合的原则。对中国来讲,“一带一路”是邓小平实行改革开放政策以来,从“引进来”向“走出去”的一种迈进。跨国公司一直是这个舞台的重要角色,尤其是与中国有长久业务来往的跨国公司凭借多年积累的经验,可为“一带一路”项目落实做出巨大的贡献。作为中国改革开放后最早进入中国的跨国公司之一,正大集团以开放改革中共同成长,在多个领域取得瞩目的成就。今天中国企业“走出去”的战略转型与正大集团一样,与中国有深厚渊源的跨国公司又带来了新的发展机遇。


以点带面,兼顾收益的项目原则。“一带一路”的国际合作只有通过具体项目才能够实现,合作需要取得一些样板性的成果,才可能吸引更多的国家和企业参与到合作中来。泰国作为东盟地理区位的中心,中国海上丝绸之路在东南亚的关键枢纽,也是海上丝绸之路从中国通过东南亚的第一站,具备得天独厚的条件和优势。从2015年开始,正大集团谢董事长就组织集团人员和泰国政府一起积极的推动泰国东部经济特区的规划和开发,这对于泰国东部经济特区打造成中国海上丝绸之路,想要成为一个成功的模块,对于中国周边国家来讲“一带一路”的倡议能否得到他们的认同,取决于是否有经济收益,更关键的是是否有经济收益,这是“一带一路”能够取得可持续发展的基础。


第三,东盟国家与相关企业主如何利用“一带一路”战略机遇发展自己。东盟国家有5.6亿人口,东盟十国的现代化意味着和日本一样大的市场。中国经济当前最大的困难是产能过剩,消费不足。东盟许多国家的人口为“一带一路”项目开发提供了较大市场空间。受泰国政府的委托,正大集团正与中信集团、中建集团、中铁建、中交建和海航一起正在把未来怎么样把中国和世界的高科技优势产业、新技术输入到自贸区来,推动涵盖的公路、轨道交通,海陆和航空的,海陆空一体化基础建设投资方案,以及区域金融中心,五大新兴产业和三座新城等项目的规划和开发。同时泰国东部经济特区的发展,泰国与周边国家互联互通,也切实的引进一流的人才和公司,在这个区域里面落地,还制订了很多优惠的政策。比如说,落地的企业有四年的免税,个人的所得税不超过15%,五年就能够加入泰国的国籍,这些都是向泰国政府申请以后得到批准的。


我们现在还是在做一些行业的申请,比如说你现在的新药发展要60多年的研发,怎么样缩小到三五年,质量又能够保障,我们现在正在搜集这些先进的行业里面的困难,来作为我们在向泰国政府建议怎么样更好的落地。


可以说区域的合作正是重塑跨国公司的新的发展的一个模式。“一带一路”战略的实施为沿线国家提供了难得的机遇和广阔的平台。正大集团与中国其他东南亚国家都有多年的合作基础。今天的正大集团正成为中国“一带一路”战略的积极实践者,响应中国政府号召,我们一并让沿线各国人民共享“一带一路”成果,谢谢大家。

 

I’m very glad to attend the 9th International Roundtable of Multinational Corporations’ leaders and to be present on this forum about bringing in and going out for development. We have seen some setbacks in regional cooperation in today’s world and therefore I think it is highly, timely and necessary for us to discuss the Belt & Road Initiative of China, and to achieve new development. For multinational companies, this Roundtable focuses on this theme and I think this has shown the vision of the host, so I wish to share with you my views of this topic that is on the experience on the development of Chia Tai of CP group.

 

First, what role the Belt and Road Initiative played for regional cooperation. Given a slowing down of the world economic recovery between 1997 and 1998, there were the finish of processing East Asia, and many East Asian economies has suffered a lot. The CP group which was developing at that time also met new challenges, well these financial crisis made eastern countries realize the connective side of economic globalization and after the crisis people are more aware of the fact that we need to make good use of regional cooperation so as to counter the negative impact of globalization, however after the financial crisis in 2008, many countries are looking for trade protectionist in measures, instead of closer regional cooperation. In the foreseeable future, it is possible that the regional cooperation may stall or even slide back, given many difficulties in regional cooperation. China has proposed the Belt and Road Initiative, which has become the new plan to counter the negative impact of globalization.

 

Second, how could multinational companies participate in the development and cooperation of Belt and Road. The Belt and Road initiative is the good international cooperation, however it needs to pertain to two principles in order to truly promote development. First, we need to combine the principles of bringing in and going global, for China Belt and Road was a further step from bringing in to bringing new to going global after the initiation of reform and opening-up policy in China by comrade Deng Xiaoping. Multinational companies are the mainplayers on this platform and based on their experience with China, they can make good contributions of the Belt and Road project. The CP group as one of the first multinational companies to come to China after the beginning of reform and opening-up, has been growing together with China and made a lot of achievements in many areas. Today, the strategic transformation for Chinese companies going global has brought new development opportunities to multinational companies that have long contact with China. Second, we need to pay proper attention to benefit international cooperation. Belt and Road will be achieved only to a specific project, we need to see some model or demonstration projects before we can attract more companies and businesses to involve.Thailand is the center of Asian and it is also a crucial hub for China maritime silk road in Southeast Asia. It is also the first stop from China to Southeast Asia along the maritime Silk Road. It has its unique conditions and disadvantages. Starting from 2015 the Chairman of the CPA group has organized some joint plants and development projects together with the Thai government to develop its western economic regions, so that Thailand’s eastern economic special zone will become a successful model for China’s maritime Silk Road. For China’s neighboring countries, they will support Belt and Road as long as these initiatives will be economically beneficial, more importantly whether these economic benefits can sustain.

 

Thirdly, how can the companies from Asian countries better use the strategic opportunities offered by the Belt and Road, Asian countries have a population of 560 million,so the modernization of Asian countries means for markets the size of Japan, Chinese economy is facing overcapacity while many countries in Asian has largepopulation which means big market for the Belton road development, the CP groupis cooperating with major Chinese companies. To discuss how to form a signagebetween China’s high technologies with the advanced technologies of othercountries, and to discuss and integrate infrastructure investment plan coveringroads, road transportation, maritime transportation, and aviation, we are alsodiscussing the development of regional financial centers of five immergingindustries and for new cities and the same time the development of the easterneconomic special zone of Thailand also focuses on better connectivity between Thailand and its neighbors in order to attract world-class companies and human resources. We have many preferential policies here, for example a ten year taxfree period, for companies as well as a personal income tax which is less than15% and a possibility of a Thailand nationality after a five years of work, we are also trying to get more preferential policies in other sectors.

 

For example, we need to invest for 10 years in order to develop a new medicine. We try to shorten the period to five or three years while ensuring its high quality. So in this process we are discussing the leading industries of other countries so as to apply for new preferential policies from the Thai government. Regional cooperation is an ideal model for the development for multinational companies. The Belt and Road has offered broad platform for countries along the road. the CP Group has many years of cooperation with China as well as southeast Asian countries, today CP Group has become an active promoter of Belt and Road initiative and responding to the call of the Chinese government, we do believe that what we do will bring benefit to peoples of China and Thailand, and bring shared benefits to allcountries along the Road. Thank you.


以上内容根据速记稿整理。