伊万 |“一带一路”和大欧亚伙伴关系计划将重塑世界经济格局

日期:

2016-12-18

浏览次数:

0


伊万 |“一带一路”和大欧亚伙伴关系计划将重塑世界经济格局

俄罗斯国际发展集团公司总裁、俄中双边企业家理事会副主席在第九届国际跨国公司领袖圆桌会议上的讲话

Speech by Mr. Ivan Polyakov, President of Interstate Corporation for Development and Vice Chairman of Russian-Chinese Business Council, at the 9th International Roundtable of Multinational Corporations' Leaders


首先感谢主办方邀请我来参加今天的盛会。这一次讨论“一带一路”合作发展,下面我将对俄中经济合作前景和深远意义,“一带一路”欧亚经济联盟建设对接合作进行探讨。长久以来俄中都是对方主要的贸易合作伙伴,最近十年是俄中历史上双边贸易持续增长时间最长,贸易活动最频繁的时期。两国政府在开展“一带一路”和欧亚经济联盟政策与俄中实现2020年贸易额达到2000亿美元的目标提供强有力支撑。在这个政策的推动下,俄中贸易必将得到两国政府更多的政策资金项目的支持。


2016年在彼得堡,普京总统提出大欧亚合作伙伴关系计划,可以涵盖欧亚经济联盟成员国,以及中国、印度、巴基斯坦、伊朗等国家和组织。大欧亚伙伴关系计划是在“一带一路”、欧亚经济联盟、上合组织和东盟国家四个大平台。大欧亚计划已经得到了中华人民共和国和其他欧亚国家领导的理解和支持,今后将继续为两国经贸关系的发展提供动力。俄罗斯是世界上举足轻重的主要大国,在今后一个相当长的时期内,仍将继续成为世界上出口石油、天然气、金属材料、木材等物资的主要国家,俄罗斯是中国开展能源领域的主要合作伙伴。俄罗斯在航天航空、核能电站设备、金属材料加工、生物技术等许多领域仍居世界领先的地位。中国的轻工设备、纺织家电等工业制成品在俄市场也具有竞争优势。中国可扩大向俄罗斯和其他欧亚国家增加出口上述产品,并在这些领域都与俄投资开展多层次、多层面的经济技术合作。


“一带一路”和大欧亚伙伴关系计划战略是全方面的发展计划,这勾勒的不仅是一个国家的发展蓝图,更代表欧亚大陆,乃至是世界的发展方向。规划的顺利实施,可以重塑世界经济结构的格局,完善全球经济秩序。“一带一路”与大欧亚伙伴计划对接合作,是互利互惠的,对每一个成员国家都是非常有利的。俄中双边企业家理事会以政府为依托,一直致力于促进俄中跨国公司的交流与合作。在“一带一路”与大欧亚伙伴关系计划的对接合作发展中,我们将继续为双边跨国公司提供个性化的服务。


First of all, I want to thank the organizers for inviting me to speak at this Roundtable which focuses on the Belt and Road initiative.


Now we’ll talk about the prospect of Russia China business cooperation and the synergy between the Belt and Road initiative and Russia’s Eurasian Economic Unioninitiative. Russia and China have been principle trading partners for many years. In the last decade, Russia-China two-way trade has grown at a fast clip and been most active. The Russian and Chinese governments have thought synergy between the Belt and Road initiative and Eurasian Economic Union and will work to lift two-way trade to 200 billion US dollars by year 2020. Supported by the two governments, two-way trade between China and Russia has received more policy and financial support in 2016. President Putin spoke at the St. Petersburg economic forum, and he talked about the Eurasian economic plan that would cover not just Eurasian economic union but also China, India, Pakistan and so on.


The greater Eurasian partnership initiative seeks to span the countries covered by the Belt and Road initiative, the Eurasian economic union, the SCO, and so on.This greater Eurasian partnership has really received understanding and support from the government of the countries covered by the partnership. The economic complimentary attribute in China and Russia will continue to be a strong driving force behind flourishing trade ties between the two countries. Russia is a major country in the world for many years to come. It will continue to be a major exporter of oil, natural gas and other key resources. Russia is a major partner for China and a global leader in space aviation, nuclear energy, biotechnology, and other sectors. China is a leader in the other hand in equipment manufacturing, textiles apparel, and manufactured goods. These Chinese products are very competitive in the world and China also hopes to increase exports of such items to Russia and other Eurasian countries. Indeed the two sides can carry out a diverse form of economic and technical operation in these sectors.


The Belt and Road initiative and the great Eurasian partnership are all wide-ranging plans, which are not just the economic blueprint for any particular country, rather it would serve the Eurasian continent and even the whole world well. The implementation of these initiatives will redraw the economic map of the world. The Belt and Road initiative and the greater Eurasian partnership and their mutual complementation can generate win-win outcome for participating countries. The Russian Chinese Business Council is supported by the two governments. It has been committed to promoting exchanges and cooperation between Russian and Chinese multinationals. Looking ahead, the Belt and Road initiative and the greater Eurasian partnership can work in parallel and this will provide great economic opportunities for Russianand Chinese enterprises. 


以上内容根据速记稿整理。