乔保平 | “走出去”必须坚持互利共赢,避免盲目无序竞争

日期:

2016-12-17

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乔保平 | “走出去”必须坚持互利共赢,避免盲目无序竞争

中国国电集团公司董事长乔保平在第九届国际跨国公司领袖圆桌会议上的讲话

Speech by Mr. Qiao Baoping, Chairman of China Guodian Corporation, at the 9th International Roundtable of Multinational Corporations' Leaders


能够同这么多世界一流的企业家共聚一堂,对我来讲是一次难得的学习机会,十分感谢主办方。


中国国电集团公司是中国的大型能源发电集团,也是世界500强企业,主要经营发电以及相关的煤炭、科技环保、物资物流和金融保险等业务。截止到目前,公司的资产总额将近8000亿,装机容量1.4亿千瓦,这个装机规模是排名全球第二,清洁可再生能源和能源环保是国电集团两大特色,60万千瓦以上的大型高效火电机组占一半以上,脱硫脱硝机组的比重达到了百分之百。我们的泰州二期百万千瓦的机组是目前世界上能效指标、环保指标最先进的火电机组之一。国家能源局白局长宣布我们的指标是全球最好的,我们的风电规模2400多万千瓦,现在居全球第一。这几年我们以新能源和节能减排为重点,积极深化国际合作,在加拿大、南非建设运营的风电项目,在中东欧等国家签署了可再生能源与清洁能源的合作项目。燃煤电厂的等离子点火技术,脱硫脱硝技术进入了中东欧,东南亚,韩国等市场,得到了广泛的好评。


近年来,特别是习近平总书记提出“一带一路”重大战略部署后,越来越多的中国企业“走出去”,加深与各国的联系,拓展与各国企业的合作。我认为能源企业开展国际合作意义重大,影响深远。


第一,能源企业加强国际合作有利于共同应对气候变化。当今世界全球能源消费总量仍然在不断的增长,温室气体排放压力越来越大。积极应对气候变化,大力发展清洁高效的可再生能源,已成为全世界的共同选择。中国正在大力推进能源生产和消费革命,无论是传统的发电,还是新能源的发电,装备技术、运营管理和技术改造都取得了显著的成绩。特别是在新能源、节能减排等领域,中国实现了快速的发展,新建的煤电机组,已达到了气电排放的标准。


同时,我们看到发达国家在清洁可再生能源,在推动能源转型升级方面走过了成熟的历程,积累了先进的技术。中外企业在新能源与可再生能源,以及传统化石能源的清洁高效利用方面开展合作,有助于推进节能减排,共同应对气候变化,维护全球的生态安全。


第二,能源企业加强国际合作,有利于优势互补,共同进步。当前世界经济复苏乏力,中国企业在资金人力成本、一些技术领域具有一定的优势。电力产业也形成了较强的技术和产能的优势。开展国际合作,落实“一带一路”的战略,参与沿线国家基础设施互联互通和经贸往来,有助于共同应对经济危机,有效带动附加值较高的高端装备制造和技术的输出,推动资源的自由流动,实现优势互补,成果共享,符合彼此的现实的需求。


第三,加强能源企业的国际合作,有利于提升企业的国际化水平。从世界500强企业看,许多跨国公司国际化的指数都超过了50%,资产遍布全球。与这些国际企业相比,中国企业的高素质人才资源,高精尖技术和技术集成整合能力,精准化管理经验还有差距。“走出去”有助于我们开拓视野,学习先进经验,掌握国际运行的规则,发掘新的业务,增强国际竞争力,拓展企业新的发展空间和盈利空间。


中国能源企业“走出去”,已经取得了丰硕的成果,结合推进海外项目情况谈几点体会:


第一,“走出去”必须坚持互利共赢。只有互利共赢建立利益共同体,才能减少阻力。实现长久可持续的发展,必须要坚持本土化发展的策略,加强与当地企业的合作,积极履行社会责任,实现利益共享,风险共担,文化相融,注重引进先进技术和创新的成果。

       第二,坚决避免盲目无序的竞争。过去中国企业“走出去”,出现了一些相互不合理压价的现象,造成了一定的内耗和损失,不利于企业的长期发展也有损于中国的形象。要加强引导,推动企业开展合作,抱团出海,避免无序竞争。


第三,要高度重视风险。近年来国际经济政治环境日趋复杂,地缘政治变动,大大增加了投资的不确定性和风险,一些企业也交了不少学费。因此我们要保持战略的定力,坚持质量效益始终专注于自己熟悉的领域,高度重视国家政策风险,法律法规的风险,形成比较完备的境外业务全面风险管理体系,将识别和防范应对风险,贯穿于决策,经营管理的全过程,确保稳健经营和资产的安全。


最后,国电集团愿意在“一带一路”战略的指引下,充分发挥自身的优势,全面深化同各国企业的合作。我们希望本着互利互惠的原则,进一步深化沟通交流,相互学习,实现优势互补、共赢发展。在新能源领域,节能减排,高端装备制造等方面实现技术和项目的双对接,共同应对全球气候变化,共建绿色地球村,为全人类的节能减排做出新的、更大的贡献,谢谢大家。


It’s my great pleasure to join so many leading business people and entrepreneurs from around the world. I want to thank the organizers for inviting me to speak this afternoon. China Guodian Corporation is in the business of power generation while in Fortune 500 Company. In addition to power generation, our business also covers coal mines, consultancy, financing andother businesses. Our total in stored capacity has reached a hundred and forty million kilowatts, which is the second largest in the world. We are committed to the environment and to sustainability and what we are proud of is that over half of our power generators are large-scale thermal power generating units with a capacity of over 600,000 kilowatts and all our generators have been equipped with equipment to get rid of sulfur dioxide and nitrogen.


Minister Bai, the head of the National Energy Administration has praised the performance of our generating units and in recent years we have focused on tapping new energy sources and cutting emissions and we’ve also began work on renewable energy projects in Canada and South Africa. We have signed off in new energy and renewable energy projects in other countries and our high environmental standards of our generation units have entered the markets in southeast Asian countries, the republic of Korea and the Middle East. Since President Xi Jinping has put forward the Belt and Road initiative, more and more Chinese enterprises are going global and I believe there is tremendous opportunity for energy enterprises such as China Guodian Corporation.


First of all, by engaging in deeper international cooperation, energy enterprises can play a bigger role in fighting climate change. Power usage around the world continues to be on the rise and there is tremendous pressure on mankind to fight climate change. Therefore, it has become our only choice to develop low emission high environmental standards equipment. China is in the midst of aprofound energy transition, so both in terms of equipment design operation and management with this tremendous opportunities, China has come a long way and the new power generating units that we in stored now up to the best standard inthe world. In the meantime, developed countries have accumulated vast experience in terms of developing renewable energy, so both in terms of renewable energy and traditional sources of energy, Chinese enterprises would do well to partner with foreign companies, to benefit from their experience and contribute to the global fight against climate change.


My second point is that great international cooperation in the energy sector canhelp all parties involved combined their strengths for mutual benefit. Globalrecovery faces an uphill battle. Chinese enterprises are world leaders in someof the technologies and we have in stored large amount of production capacity. Therefore, we need to implement the strategies of our international cooperation throughthe Belt and Road initiative. This will help us, jointly address in the financial crisis and help the exploit of technologies and high value-added products, and ensure the free flow of technologies and win-win cooperation. This will help our common needs.


Thirdly, we need to strengthen cooperation between energy companies and this will help us go global. If we look at Fortune 500 companies, many multinational companies have over 50% of their assets in other countries. Compared with the multinationals of other countries, Chinese companies are really backward in terms of high-precision technologies and integration and fine management, and going global will help us learn from other countries, learn international practices, develop new business to enhance international competitiveness and explore new market and space for ourselves in particular for our profits. Chinese companies have already achieved a lot in going global. Let me share with you my experience based on the development of overseas market.


First, going global, we need to uphold the principal of win-win cooperation by forming a community with shared interest. We will be able to reduce obstacles and achieve sustainable cooperation and development. We need to focus on our host countries and fulfill our corporate social responsibilities so that benefits could be shared and risks could also be jointly shouldered. We need to pay more attention to introducing advanced technologies.


Secondly, we must avoid the unplanned competition. Previously there have been someunreasonable lowering of prices in the process of competition between theChinese companies going global. This is not helpful for the long termdevelopment of Chinese companies and this is not helpful for a better image of China.Therefore, Chinese companies need to cooperate with each other instead of only competing with each other in the overseas market. Thirdly, we need to better respond to changes in the international political economic environment and the growing uncertainties. Some companies have paid cost for that. We need to remain strategically focused and pay attention and focus on areas that we are most familiar with and be mindful of the possible risks and improve our overall risk management systems for our overseas business operations and to ensure that throughout the process of decision making and management we take risks into consideration, and this will help us ensure the safety and the security of ourassets.


Finally, the Guodian Group in the guidance of the Belt and Road initiative is willing to leverage our ownadvantages to cooperate with other companies based on win-win cooperation principles. We are ready to deepen understanding, mutual learning so as toachieve common prosperity in the field of new energy emission reduction and the manufacturing of advanced equipment. We will be able to cooperate well with the other countries in terms of both technology and equipment so as to build a greener world for all of us and make our new contribution to emission reduction throughout the world. Thank you.


以上内容根据速记稿整理。