何佩德 |“一带一路”战略是具有创意的经济发展框架,有利于世界经济可持续发展

日期:

2016-12-15

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12月7-8日,由中国国际跨国公司促进会与联合国开发计划署、联合国贸易和发展会议、联合国环境规划署、联合国工业发展组织、联合国全球契约组织、联合国和平大学共同主办的“第九届国际跨国公司领袖圆桌会议——‘一带一路’合作发展论坛”在京成功召开。


何佩德 |“一带一路”战略是具有创意的经济发展框架,有利于世界经济可持续发展


联合国开发计划署驻华代表处副国别主任何佩德在第九届国际跨国公司领袖圆桌会议——“一带一路”合作发展论坛上的致辞:


尊敬的郑万通副主席,尊敬的李毅中先生,尊敬的田锦尘先生,各位尊贵的来宾、女士们、先生们,

 

大家下午好!

 

今天我们共聚一堂来讨论私营部门在推动实现共同繁荣,互利合作和可持续发展方面所可以发挥的重要作用。“一带一路”倡议已经成为中国未来若干年对外战略的重要组成部分,我今天想谈谈这个倡议的一个重要层面,那就是它可以给我们带来发展红利,不仅仅意味着经济方面的好处,同时也有利于经济的可持续发展。去年,习近平主席和100多个世界其他国家领导人在纽约通过了2030年可持续发展议程,其中包括17个可持续发展目标。中国已经制订了第十三个五年计划,这17个可持续发展目标为全世界未来15年在经济社会和环境这三个主要领域的发展提供了一个全面的框架,它主要的目的是要结束贫困不平等现象,以及应对气候变化。

 

几个月前中国政府也宣布落实2030可持续发展战略的国家行动规划,与此同时在2013年下半年,中国提出了“一带一路”战略,通过这一倡议,中国提出了一个影响深远,并且具有创意的经济发展的框架。它涉及到全世界超过70个国家和地区,它倡导互利合作,共同发展,它的手段是推动加深相互理解、信任和交流。具体来说,“一带一路”倡议有五个重要的方面,政策沟通,设施连通,贸易畅通,资金融通和民心相通,正如习近平主席此前所强调的,“一带一路”倡议的目的是要建立一个绿色丝绸之路,是要推动建立一条健康丝绸之路,同时要建立一个智力丝绸之路,借此推动绿色发展,人才交流,互相合作,最终实现和平丝绸之路,来改善全球治理。

 

那么现在全球和中国分别提出了未来若干年发展战略,他们之间可以有哪些契合点,我们如何抓住这些战略所蕴含的机遇,趋利避害。

 

首先,“一带一路”的倡议的目的是要消除发展的鸿沟,要改进基础设施互联互通,要促进和全球市场的联系和供应链,要提供融资,并且要促进可持续发展目标的逐步的落实。

 

第二,“一带一路”的倡议在经济方面的目标会被其在环境和社会可持续发展方面的目标所促进,它旨在赢得伙伴国家人们真心的欢迎。不仅仅着眼于经济的好处,同时也旨在实现长期可持续的人的全面发展。

 

第三,可持续发展目标不仅是所有国家发展的共同语言,并且它有169个具体的目标和指标,可以帮助我们来评估衡量贵国的“一带一路”倡议落实的进展,“一带一路”倡议和可持续发展目标都强调不同行业之间的合作,私营部门在这两个倡议过程中都可以发挥重要作用。

 

到目前为止有大约70个国家已经参与到“一带一路”倡议中来,这意味着有45亿人,他们国家的GDP达到了20万亿美元,他们都参与到了“一带一路”倡议执行过程当中来,这将可以给我们带来新的投资机会,创造新的商业机会,并且能够充分的利用创造性的融资渠道。另一方面私营部门可以推动经济发展,并且促进社会和环境的可持续发展。现在中国的公司是世界上的第三大对外投资群体,在2014年中国企业的对外直接投资达到了1230亿美元,其中有不少是“一带一路”的项目。与此同时,未来长远来看也有一些挑战,是需要私营部门来很好的应对,这就包括要减少他们项目对于环境可能造成的损害,要和当地的相关方面进行有效的沟通,要使得投资符合当地的需要,要更好的理解当地的文化等等。希望中国的企业能够把可持续发展放到他们海外发展的中心地位这可以帮助你们提升竞争力,拓展市场份额,促进创新,增加利润。

 

正如联合国秘书长潘基文曾经说过的,可持续发展不是慈善,它是明智的投资,可持续发展目标是投资的一个重要的平台,希望所有负责任的企业家都能够在这个平台上发展的越来越好,“一带一路”倡议和可持续发展目标都是非常宏伟的目标,但是单独来看如果其中任何一个目标没有其他目标的支持都很难实现。我希望“一带一路”倡议沿线国家以及它的企业都能够参与到这个倡议的执行过程当中来。作为联合国开发计划署,我们有50年的促进发展的经验,并且在全世界170个国家都有办公机构,最近我们的负责人也和中方签署了合作谅解备忘录,来推动“一带一路”倡议落实过程中的人力资源开发。

 

最后我想表达一个意愿,就是我们愿意和私营部门携手合作,在世界各个国家推动人类的全面发展,最后我祝此次大会讨论有圆满的结果。

 

谢谢大家。

 

Honorable Vice-Chairman Zheng Wantong,Honorable Vice-Chairman Li Yizhong, Honorable Director General Tian Jinchen,distinguished guests, ladies and gentlemen,

 

A very good afternoon to all. Today we cometogether to highlight and discuss the critical role of the private sector and achieving common prosperity, win-win cooperation, and sustainable developmentfor all through the Belt and Road initiative. The Belt and Road initiative has indeed become a key dimension in China’s strategic plan for the following years. And today I would like to talk about a crucial aspect of the Belt and Road initiative that is developing dividends of this initiative which goes beyond economic gains and links closely with long term sustainability.

 

Last year, President Xi with another hundred state leaders traveled to New York to agree on the sustainable development goals, seventeen goals which are going to guide the planet for the nextfifteen years. But we say in China, we have the thirteenth five-year plan. Inthe world, we have the second fifteen year plan. The seventy goals set out auniversal integrated and transformative vision for the next fifteen yearscovering three main areas economic, social, and environmental development.These goals officially will guide our world to end poverty, fight inequality,and tickle climate change and to build a better world together.

 

A few months ago, the government of China also announced its national strategy for the implementation of the 2013 agenda for sustainable development. In parallel, China launched late 2013 theinitiative of jointly building the Belt and Road. Through Belt and Roadinitiative, China has put forward a far reaching and innovative economic development framework reaching across more than seventy countries and regions globally and advocating win-win coorporation for shared development andprosperity through enhancing mutual understanding trust and exchanges. To b emore specific, the BRI, has identified five priority areas for cooperation,policy coordination, facilities connectivity, pending trade, financial integration and people to people exchange. As the Chinese President Xi Jinping emphasized earlier, the BRI is aimed to build a green silk road that practices concepts of green development, a healthy silk road with strengthened and health and medical cooperation, an intelligent silk road that promotes talent development and exchanges, and lastly a peaceful Silk Road that enhancesgovernance. We have the global sustainable development framework and we have China's commitment to boost cross country cooperation. But what are the linkages between the Belt and Road initiative and sustainable development goals? How can they work together to seize the opportunity and to maximize the positive impact?

 

First, we think one of the core of the BRI is that it strategically targets development gaps. It helps strengthen network effect backward and forward linkages and it improves access to global marketsto supply chains to financing and to technical and management know-how. It provides a framework that can boost STG implementation, and accelerate the progress of achieving shared development goals.

 

The second point is that the BRI economic objectives can be complemented by environmental and social sustainability. The Belt and Road initiative can win the hearts and minds in partner countries, if it’s seen to support not only economic gains but also long term sustainable human development.

 

Third, the sustainable development goals,does not offer only a common vision and universal language for all countries facilitating effective dialogue but it has also169 targets and indicators  represent a framework for consciously measuring and monitoring the progress of the Belt and Road initiative. Both the Belt and Road initiative and the STGs have put an emphasis on cross-sectorcollaboration and the private sector place a vital role in both initiatives.Considering that up to now, around seventy countries have already engaged inthis initiative. We can estimate that the Belt and Road initiative mightinvolve four and a half billion people with a total economic value of twenty trillion dollars. Those numbers signify how this initiative touches on important economic aspects and the private sector will be particularly crucial to generate growth, bring new investment create, business opportunities and also leverage in other financing for developments. On the other and the private sector not only serves to push economic growth but it’s also key in contributing to social and environmental development.

 

Today, Chinese companies are the third largest investors in the world. Their direct investments overseas reach onehundred twenty three billion dollars in 2014 and they are key actors in theBelt and Road investment projects. However to guarantee success of Chinese investment in businesses and thus the success of the Belt and Road initiative,the private sector should address a number of practical challenges. These include mitigating and managing negative environmental impact building effective communication with the stake holders to assure their investmentsmatches with the real needs and understanding and considering local context. By taking sustainable development into account and imbedding it into your business strategies, companies can increase their competitive edge, advance their market share, fuel innovation and new profit areas, and boost stakeholdervalue. In addition, sustainable business practices was also contribute to the improvement of the livelihood of the countries along the Belt and Road promoting eventually regional stability and mutual trust.

 

As the UN Secretary General Ban Ki-Moononce said sustainable development is not charity. It's a smart investment sustainable development goal offers an extraordinary pipeline for investmentand a platform in which responsible business can thrive. Both Belt and Roadinitiative and the sustainable development goals are indeed bold and ambitiousand neither of them can be achieved by them alone, by anybody alone. By embracing the core strategy of the Belt and Road initiative, they can helpcreate new opportunities in actualizing development and building connections toward shared prosperity for countries and people involved.

 

United Nations development program, webring fifty years of development expertise and we have a global network in a hundred seventy countries and his message, in the congratulatory message of the Secretary General we are very proud that recently, the head of our organization Helen Clark signed a memorandum of understanding with the NDRC to work together including the human development aspect in the Belt and Road initiative. Finally, through our country office network all over the countries on the Belt and Roadinitiative, we’re also ready to work with the private sector to see how we can advance human development in all the seventy countries. So once again thank you for your attention and I wish you a fruitful deliberations.


以上内容根据速记稿整理。